Comparative Study of the Forms of Care Centers for Individuals in the Four Continents with Those in Morocco
In Morocco, the rate of people affected by psychological and mental disorders is increasing every year, especially in the school environment. This negatively affects the development of the country and the promotion of the population as well as their profitability in society, which is explained by the scarcity of existing care centers for individuals in Morocco. This work aims to summarize the literature regarding help centers for children, adolescents, and other people, suffering from psychological disorders. We carried out a comparative study that constitutes a very fruitful approach consisting of a comparison between the forms of care centers in Africa, such as Morocco, Europe, such as France, America, such as Canada, and the United States through the comparisons of the general criteria between each quoted country. The results showed that the Anglophone model is the most successful and can be taken as a model to follow in the Moroccan context. Based on the results of this scientific study, it is clear that it is necessary to introduce the criteria used by the American model: the age category and the multidisciplinary team because they represent the pillars of the most successful healthcare center. In conclusion, the proper management of healthcare centers requires the interference of all existing models while taking advantage of the advantages and limitations of each experience.
Keywords: care, mental health, psychological disorders, management, leadership.
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