Factors That Influence Early Detection of Cervical Cancer: VIA Examination OMPHE (Obedient Male Partner in Health-Education and Engagement) Model
In Indonesia, cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women after breast cancer. The low level of VIA examinations by women is due to several internal and external factors. This study determines the factors that influence the early detection of cervical cancer. The update in this research is with the high cost of Pap smear examination, a model that is more effective in detecting cervical cancer is created. The type of research used is analytic observational with cross-sectional design. The research subjects were husband and wife couples in the working area of 7 selected sub-districts in Padang City who met the inclusion criteria and were selected as research subjects. The sampling technique is multi-stage random sampling, which is sampling starting from random districts and villages. Then, at the Kelurahan level, the sample is taken by means of simple random sampling. Univariate analysis was used to obtain an overview of the frequency distribution and the percentage of each variable to be studied. Bivariate analysis was used to determine the relationship between each independent variable and the dependent variable. The results showed that there was a statistically significant relationship (p-value < 0.05) between the husband's support, knowledge, and perception of the benefits of WUS's VIA examination. However, the respondents' age, education level, wife's occupation, husband's occupation, age of marriage, perceived vulnerability, perceived seriousness, and perceived barriers did not have a significant relationship with the VIA examination by WUS.
Keywords: early detection, cervical cancer, OMPHE-VIA.
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